As we discussed in a previous post, the user inserts the contents of a document in a structured manner following its semantic value in text editors WYSIWYM, rather than in its final form. The main advantage of these text editors is that there is a complete separation between content and presentation. The user is only concerned with structure and add content, while the text editor is responsible for the visual aspects.

latex is the most popular editing system oriented to the creation of scientific books and papers on the world. More specifically, Latex is a typesetting system which is comprised mainly of orders constructed from TeX commands, but with the added advantage of increasing the capabilities of TeX.

The main drawbacks or problems with Latex according to people are:

  1. We can’t see the final appearance meanwhile you are writing (although a lot of other people think it’s an advantage because it allows you to focus on the content).
  2. How to pronounce Latex. Most people pronounce /lateks/, when it should be /látej/ as the final X is Greek letter ‘chi’.

There are hundreds, if not thousands, of web pages and tutorials about Latex online. Some recommendations are the Latex project (in English): http://www latex-project.org or the next website in Spanish: http://navarroj com / latex /. You can install Latex in MS Windows, MAC OSX, and Linux.

To use Latex, you need to install a TeX/Latex distribution according to your operating system and a text editor that can work with Latex. Most distributions already include a text editor by default, but you can find many more online (we’ll talk about them later).

Distributions:

  1. MiKTeX for MS Windows http://miktex.org
  2. MacTex for Mac OSX http://tug.org/mactex/
  3. TeX Live for Linux http://tug.org/texlive/